HPV is a very common sexually transmitted virus. Most people don’t even know they have it or, from whom they contracted it.

  • There are many types of HPV infections.
  • There are low-risk and high-risk type HPVs.
  • Some HPV types cause genital warts.
  • Some HPV types cause cancer.
  • HPV can cause cancer of the cervix, vulva, vagina,anus, throat, tongue or tonsils.
  • HPV is spread by vaginal, oral and anal sex. 
  • HPV is spread whether or not you have symptoms.
  • Many cases of HPV disappear spontaneously but you will not know without being tested.

Diagnosis of HPV.

  • In males the penis can be wrapped in vinegar-soaked gauze for several minutes and pale areas are suggestive of HPV infection.
  • In women a PAP smear and cell changes can suggest HPV infection.
  • DNA test.

If you have warts.

  • See your doctor for treatment.
  • Be honest with your partner
  • Wear condoms.

HPV treatment.

  • Topical medications – usually require multiple applications.
  • Surgical – under local anesthetic if small, or general if more involved.

           Freezing or cryotherapy.
           Laser ablation.
In women this can mean colposcopy and cryoablation or a LEEP procedure.

Preventive measures.

  • HPV vaccine for both men and women.
  • Routine cervical screening.
  • Prophylaxis – wearing condoms – this is not a foolproof preventive measure.

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Written by HEALTHdrum