HPV is a very common sexually transmitted virus. Most people don’t even know they have it or, from whom they contracted it.
- There are many types of HPV infections.
- There are low-risk and high-risk type HPVs.
- Some HPV types cause genital warts.
- Some HPV types cause cancer.
- HPV can cause cancer of the cervix, vulva, vagina,anus, throat, tongue or tonsils.
- HPV is spread by vaginal, oral and anal sex.
- HPV is spread whether or not you have symptoms.
- Many cases of HPV disappear spontaneously but you will not know without being tested.
Diagnosis of HPV.
- In males the penis can be wrapped in vinegar-soaked gauze for several minutes and pale areas are suggestive of HPV infection.
- In women a PAP smear and cell changes can suggest HPV infection.
- DNA test.
If you have warts.
- See your doctor for treatment.
- Be honest with your partner
- Wear condoms.
- Topical medications – usually require multiple applications.
- Surgical – under local anesthetic if small, or general if more involved.
Freezing or cryotherapy.
In women this can mean colposcopy and cryoablation or a LEEP procedure.
- HPV vaccine for both men and women.
- Routine cervical screening.
- Prophylaxis – wearing condoms – this is not a foolproof preventive measure.
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Written by HEALTHdrum